Cercophonius squama, Wood or Forest scorpion Click to enlarge image
Cercophonius squama, Wood or Forest scorpion A forest scorpion on dry grass Image: Reiner Richter
© Reiner Richter

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    squama
    Genus
    Cercophonius
    Family
    Bothriuridae
    Order
    Scorpiones
    Class
    Arachnida
    Subphylum
    Chelicerata
    Phylum
    Arthropoda
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    body length 25mm - 45mm

Identification

A thick-set scorpion that can be creamy yellow to orange brown with darker brown or light brown patterning. It can be found in forest habitats in litter and logs (sometimes in suburban gardens) across south western and eastern mainland Australia and Tasmania. At least 6 species of ‘wood or forest scorpion” occur in Australia.

Habitat

Lives in burrows under leaf litter and can even be found under bark on trees. Prefers habitats with high levels of moisture and usually spends much of the summer months in its burrow.

Distribution

A widespread south-western and eastern Australian species, found in south-eastern South Australia, Victoria, eastern NSW, the ACT and Tasmania. The only scorpion species found in Tasmania.



Feeding and diet

Feeds on small invertebrates.

Breeding behaviours

Females give birth to between 20 and 30 live young and she carries the young on her back for a period of two or more weeks. Can live for up to 3 years.

Danger to humans

The sting of the Forest or Wood Scorpion can cause inflammation and pain for several hours, and medical advice should be sought.