Loligo Click to enlarge image
Squid, Genus: Loligo Image: Dr Isobel Bennett
© Australian Museum

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Genus
    Loligo
    Family
    Loliginidae
    Order
    Teuthida
    Class
    Cephalopoda
    Phylum
    Mollusca
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    25 cm

The elongated, streamlined body of the squid enables it to move quickly through the water. Often occurring in schools, it swims by flapping its fins or by jet propulsion using its siphon.

Identification

Like cuttlefishes, the squid has 10 tentacles. Two longer feeding tentacles, covered with four rows of suckers, are curled up underneath them and these can quickly uncoil to grab prey. The skeleton or 'pen' is composed of chitin and looks like clear plastic.


Deepwater squid, Loligo
Deepwater squid species Image: Dr Isobel Bennett
© Australian Museum

Habitat

Squid live in intertidal estuaries, coastal waters and oceans.

Distribution

Squid are found in southern Australian waters.

Other behaviours and adaptations

If threatened or disturbed, the squid can change colour and expel a blob of purple ink, which acts as a decoy while the animal quickly escapes.