Mosquito Click to enlarge image
Mozzie on human skin - feeding. u000d u000d Image created for climate change exhibition u000d Image: Stuart Humphreys
© Australian Museum

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Family
    Culicidae
    Super Family
    Culicoidea
    Infraorder
    Culicomorpha
    Order
    Diptera
    Class
    Insecta
    Subphylum
    Uniramia
    Phylum
    Arthopoda
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Number of Species
    350
  • Size Range
    4 mm - 6 mm

Introduction

It is only the female mosquitoes that seek animals out for their blood, which they need in order to reproduce.

Habitat

Mosquitoes often live in urban areas.

Distribution

Mosquitoes are found throughout Australia.

Feeding and diet

The female mosquitoes eat animal blood.

Life history cycle

A few days after a blood meal, female mosquitoes lay about 200 eggs on any water surface-even small water bodies such as bottom trays of potplants are suitable. Most species produce egg 'rafts' where many eggs are cemented together, floating until they hatch after two to three days. Although they live in water, the larvae known as 'wrigglers' breathe air and come equipped with their own snorkelling equipment. Attached to their abdomen is a siphon, which they use when they come to the surface to breathe.

Females live for about a month while males often live for only a week, during which they feed on nectar.