The Southern Cardinalfish is a small reddish-brown fish that is endemic to southern Australian coastal waters.
The Southern Cardinalfish has an oval-shaped body with a long caudal peduncle. It has two tall dorsal fins and large pelvic fins. The mouth is large and oblique. The body is greyish-brown to red-brown often with small dark brown or black spots on the head and body. Juveniles are sometimes flecked with white.
The species occurs in inshore rocky reef habitats in temperate marine waters down to depths of over 65 m.
The species is endemic to Australia, occurring from the central coast of Victoria and Tasmania to the Great Australian Bight.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
Ozcam map of Southern Cardinalfish specimens in the Australian Museums. http://ozcam.ala.org.au/occurrences/search?q=vincentia%20conspersa&zoom=off#mapView
- Gomon, M.F., Bray, D. & R.H. Kuiter (Eds). 2008. The Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Reed New Holland. Pp. 928.
- Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
- Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.
- Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. Pp. 433.
- Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.