Saw-tooth Moray, Gymnothorax prionodon Click to enlarge image
A Saw-tooth Morayat a depth of 33 m, north tip of Montague Island, New South Wales, September 2002. Image: Erik Schlögl
© Erik Schlögl

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    prionodon
    Genus
    Gymnothorax
    Family
    Muraenidae
    Order
    Anguilliformes
    Class
    Actinopterygii
    Subphylum
    Vertebrata
    Phylum
    Chordata
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    The Saw-tooth Moray grows to 1.5 m in length.

Introduction

The Saw-tooth Moray has a low dorsal fin, deep grooves in the opercular region and a swollen appearance behind the eyes. The species occurs in warm temperate marine waters of Australia, Japan, Taiwan and New Zealand.

Identification

The Saw-tooth Moray has a low dorsal fin, deep grooves in the opercular region and a swollen appearance behind the eyes. Both jaws have a single row of large sharp teeth. Despite its common name the Saw-tooth Moray does not have serrated teeth.

Its colouration can vary from greenish brown to dark brown. It has white spots and blotches over its entire length. The spots are small on the head, and increase in size towards the tail.

Habitat

It is sometimes found in bays, but usually occurs on rocky or deep coastal reefs.

Distribution

The species occurs in warm temperate marine waters of Australia, Japan, Taiwan and New Zealand. In Australia is is known from off southern Queensland to southern New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.



References

  1. Bohlke, E.B. & McCosker, J.E. 2001. The moray eels of Australia and New Zealand, with the description of two new species (Anguilliformes: Muraenidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 53: 71-102.
  2. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.