Duncker's Pipehorse, Solegnathus dunckeri Click to enlarge image
A 450mm long Duncker's Pipehorse found by S. Wilson and M. Thomson, on the surface, off Erscotts Passage, Lord Howe Island, New South Wales, July 2001. Image: Ross Schultz
© Ross Schultz

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    dunckeri
    Genus
    Solegnathus
    Family
    Syngnathidae
    Order
    Syngnathiformes
    Class
    Actinopterygii
    Subphylum
    Vertebrata
    Phylum
    Chordata
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    50 cm

Introduction

Duncker's Pipehorse can be distinguished by the dark stripes along the upper ridges of the body. The species is endemic to eastern Australia.



Identification

Duncker's Pipehorse can be distinguished from the other Indo-Pacific species of Solegnathus by its body structure and colouration. The upper (superior) ridges of the body have dark stripes and are continuous with the ridges on the tail. The underside of the tail rings are dusky to black.

The species was described in 1927 by Australian Museum Fish Curator G.P. Whitley.

Habitat

Duncker's Pipehorse is usually seen washed up on beaches or trawled from marine waters at depths between 30 m and 140 m.

Distribution

It is endemic to eastern Australia, occurring from southern Queensland to the central New South Wales coast and Lord Howe Island.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.



References

  1. Allen, G.R., D.F. Hoese, J.R. Paxton, J.E. Randall, B.C. Russell, W.A. Starck, F.H. Talbot & GP Whitley. l976. An annotated checklist of the fishes of Lord Howe Island. Records of the Australian Museum, 30 (15):365-454.
  2. Dawson, C.E. 1985. Indo-Pacific Pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory. Pp. 230.
  3. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Seahorses, Pipefishes and their Relatives. A Comprehensive Guide to Syngnathiformes. TMC Publishing Pp. 240.