Rhinolophus megaphyllus Click to enlarge image
Eastern Horseshoe Bat Female. Iron Range Qld, Orange Phase Image: G B Baker
© Australian Museum

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    megaphyllus
    Genus
    Rhinolophus
    Family
    Rhinolophidae
    Order
    Chiroptera
    Subclass
    Eutheria
    Subphylum
    Vertebrata
    Phylum
    Chordata
    Kingdom
    Animalia

Eastern Horseshoe Bats are distinguished by the horseshoe-shaped fleshy area around their nose. They are disturbed when people enter their caves, especially in the breeding season when they may abandon their young.

Habitat

Eastern Horseshoe Bats roost in warm, humid caves, holes and cracks in rocks, old mines and tunnels and occasionally under buildings. Up to 50 bats roost together in a colony, hanging free from the ceiling.

Seasonality

Hibernate during the cold months in southern Australia.

Feeding and diet

Eastern Horseshoe Bats hunt flying and non-flying insects and spiders. They fly close to the ground or foliage to catch their prey, then carry them to special feeding roosts to eat.

Economic impacts

Eastern Horseshoe Bats are vulnerable to disturbance from human visitors to cave roosts, destruction of cave roost sites by mining, and loss of feeding habitat by forestry operations, and clearing for agriculture and housing.