Image: Black Rat juvenile

Black Rat juvenile

Black Rat juvenile

Jane Vernon
© Jane Vernon


Despite its name, the Black Rat is usually brown or grey. A distinctive characteristic of rats that helps distinguish them from similarly sized carnivorous marsupials is their front teeth: a pair of chisel shaped incisors with hard yellow enamel on the front surfaces. Other characteristics that identify a Black Rat from other rats include the following:

Long pointed head (can be more rounded in juvenile).
Large thin ears (20mm+) which reach middle of eye when bent forward.
Charcoal grey to black or light brown above, cream or white below; sleek smooth coat.
Scaly tail, much longer than head and body.

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