Image Gallery: Southern Pygmy Leatherjacket - Courtship behaviour

Little is known about courtship behaviour of the Southern Pygmy Leatherjacket.

The images show a courtship interaction between two fish at a depth of 2 m at Quarantine Beach, Sydney Harbour, New South Wales in November 2001.

The larger, more yellowish fish, is a male. It is following the green female. At times the male was flaring its fins to display bright purple margins and spots.

The white markings on both sexes are strongly contrasted during this courtship behaviour.

In the third image the less intense white spots on the female indicates that she may have been losing interest in the male.


1. Hutchins, J.B. Leatherjackets in Andrew, N. 1999. Under Southern Seas. The Ecology of Australia's Rocky Reefs. University of NSW Press Ltd, Sydney. Pp. 238.