Animal Species:Smooth Anglerfish, Histiophryne bougainvilli (Valenciennes, 1837)
The Smooth Anglerfish has a small lure on the snout. This unusual fish occurs on coral reefs and inshore rocky reefs in temperate waters.
Standard Common Name
Bougainville's Anglerfish, Bougainville's Frogfish
Fishes in the genus Histiophryne can be separated from all other anglerfishes by having the second and third dorsal fin spines showing only as low protruberances on the top of the head. They also have the posterior-most margin of the dorsal and anal fins extending beyond the base of the caudal fin.
It grows to about 7 cm in length.
The species occurs from southern Queensland, around the south of the country and north to the central coast of Western Australia.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
Distribution by collection data
The species occurs on coral reefs and inshore temperate rocky reefs.
As shown in some of the images, the species protects the developing eggs by wrapping the tail along the side of the body.
- Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
- Pietsch, T.W. & D.B. Grobecker. 1987. Frogfishes of the World. Systematics, Zoogeography, and Behavioural Ecology. Stanford University Press. Pp. 420.
Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Tags fishes, ichthyology, Smooth Anglerfish, Histiophryne bougainvilli, small lure on snout, Bougainville's Anglerfish, Bougainville's Frogfish, inshore water, rocky reef, temperate water, marine, coral reef, unusual fish, < 10 cm,