Animal Species:Rare Velvetfish, Matsubarichthys inusitatus (Poss & Johnson, 1991)

As its standard name implies, few specimens of the Rare Velvetfish have been collected. The 6 mm standard length fish in the top image was the second specimen known, after the  8.5 mm SL holotype.

Rare Velvetfish from Iluka

Rare Velvetfish from Iluka
Photographer: Kerryn Parkinson © Australian Museum

Standard Common Name

Rare Velvetfish

Alternative Name/s

Matsubara's Velvetfish


The Rare Velvetfish has a large depressed head, a large pectoral fin and a lateral line with tubed scales. The dorsal fin originates on the head.

The species can be distinguished from other species of velvetfishes by its lower number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin (II, IV, 6), anal fin (II, 4) and pelvic fin (I,1). The number of vertebrae is also low (9+12).

Size range

The largest specimen known is the 8.5 mm SL holotype.


The image shows a 6 mm standard length specimen that was collected in 2002 during an Australian Museum fieldtrip to north-eastern New South Wales. This was the second specimen of this species ever collected. It extended the known distribution of this species from One Tree Island, Queensland (where the 8.5 mm SL holotype was caught) south by approximately 700 km to Iluka, New South Wales.  Larval specimens have been collected in marine waters from several locations off southern Queensland and New South Wales (see life cycle).

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Matsubarichthys inusitatus

Distribution by collection data

Ozcam map of Rare Velvetfish specimens in the Australian Museums.

What does this mean?


The fish in the image was collected from a bouldery slope in shallow water near the shore.

Life cycle

This species was described from a single, 8 mm specimen, collected at One Tree Island Lagoon, Qld, Australia. Recently a metamorphosed, settled, 6.4 mm specimen was collected in northern New South Wales, which assisted with the identification of 15 larvae from plankton tows between Brisbane, Queensland (27°S) and Sydney, New South Wales (34°S), Australia. The adult habitat and morphology remain unknown. A full description of the Larval Rare Velvetfish can be seen here.



What does this mean?


  1. Poss, S.G. & G.D. Johnson. 1991 Matsubarichthys inusitatus, a new genus and species of velvetfish (Scorpaeniformes: Aploactinidae) from the Great Barrier Reef. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 104(3): 468-473.

Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Last Updated:

Tags fishes, ichthyology, Matsubarichthys inusitatus, Aploactinidae, Rare Velvetfish, < 10 cm, Matsubara's Velvetfish, large depressed head, large pectoral fin, marine,