Animal Species:Prickly Anglerfish, Echinophryne crassispina McCulloch & Waite, 1918
The Prickly Anglerfish has a short, deep body that is covered with tiny bifircate spines. The species is only known from Australian waters.
Standard Common Name
Prickly Frogfish, Thick-spined Anglerfish.
The Prickly Anglerfish has a short, deep body that is covered with tiny bifircate spines. The eyes are surrounded by a ring of close-set dermal spinules. The dorsal fin is comprised of four parts, a short illicium two separate skin-covered spines and a long-based soft-rayed fin that is separate from the caudal fin.
Colouration of the species is variable, but may be reddish, brown, pinkish or yellowish.
The species was described in 1918 by Australian Museum curators McCulloch and Waite.
It grows to about 7 cm in length.
The species is endemic to Australia, occurring from Tasmania, Victoria and eastern South Australia.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
Distribution by collection data
It is a benthic species that is found on inshore rocky reefs down to depths of about 20 m. It is not commonly seen because it lives under rocks and ledges.
- Pietsch, T.W. in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & R.H. Kuiter (Eds). 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. State Print, Adelaide. Pp. 992.
- Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.
- Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.
- McCulloch, A.R. & Waite, E.R. 1918. Some new and little known fishes from South Australia. Records of the South Australian Museum. 1(1): 39-78.
Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Tags fishes, ichthyology, Echinophryne crassispina, Antennariidae, Prickly Frogfish, Thick-spined Anglerfish, short body, bifircate spines, variable colour, red, brown, pink, yellow, < 10 cm, endemic to Australia, marine, inshore water, rocky reef, lives under rocks,