Animal Species:Oilfish, Ruvettus pretiosus Cocco, 1833
The Oilfish is the lagest species in the family Gempylidae.
Standard Common Name
Castor Oil Fish, Escolar, Oil-fish
Oilfish are brown to black in colour and have sharp bony tubercles between the scales.
The species grows to 2 m in length and to 63.5 kg.
Escolar, Lepidocybium flavobrunneum
It occurs worldwide in temperate and tropical marine waters.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
Distribution by collection data
- Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
- Pepperell, J. 2010. Fishes of the Open Ocean. A natural history & illustrated guide. University of NSW Press. Pp. 266.
Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology