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The Megafauna Mysteries Incursion is available to schools, childcare centres and vacation care centres across Sydney.

Become a palaeontologist and reconstruct Australia's past using fossil evidence. Compare fossils from extinct Australian Megafauna with bones from their closest modern day relatives.

Students discussing Megafauna extinction Image: James Horan
© James Horan Photographer0439669315info@jameshoranshootspeople.com

At the end of the last ice age, Australia's climate changed from cold-dry to warm-dry. As a result, surface water became scarce. Most inland lakes became completely dry or dry in the warmer seasons. Most large, predominantly browsing animals lost their habitat and retreated to a narrow band in eastern Australia, where there was permanent water and better vegetation. The diprotodon, one of Australia's megafauna, may have survived on the Liverpool Plains of New South Wales until about 7000 years ago. If people have been in Australia for up to 60 000 years, then megafauna must have co-existed with humans for at least 30 000 years.

Find out about some of the amazing animals that once roamed across Australia.