garden wolf spider Click to enlarge image
- Image: Atlas of Life in the Coastal Wilderness
creative commons

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    godeffroyi
    Genus
    Lycosa
    Family
    Lycosidae
    Order
    Araneae
    Class
    Arachnida
    Phylum
    Arthropoda
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    1.5 cm - 2.2 cm
  • Habitats
    woodland
  • Life history mode
    terrestrial
  • Feeding Habits
    arthropod-feeder, carnivorous, insectivorous, predator

Introduction

Wolf spiders are robust, agile, fast-moving ground hunters that chase down or ambush prey.

Identification

The Garden Wolf Spider is large and strongly patterned in grey, brown and white with a black underside. They have large eyes with which they locate their prey. Their characteristic eye formation is four large eyes arranged in a square on top of the head with four smaller eyes in a row at the front.

Habitat

Garden Wolf Spiders prefer urban areas, forests and woodlands and heath.

Distribution

Garden Wolf Spiders are found throughout southern Australia.



Other behaviours and adaptations

Most live in leaf litter or in burrows in fairly open ground. Its open burrows are often seen in Sydney gardens. The best time to see wolf spiders is at night when they are searching for prey. Use a torch to spot the greenish yellow reflection from their large eyes.

Life history cycle

Female wolf spiders carry their egg sac behind them, attached to the spinnerets (silk-spinning organs) on the abdomen. When the eggs hatch, the spiderlings hitch a ride on the mother's back, clinging onto special knobbed hairs.

Danger to humans

Not known to be dangerous.