Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    rubra
    Genus
    Haliotis
    Family
    Haliotidae
    Order
    Archeogastropoda
    Class
    Gastropoda
    Phylum
    Mollusca
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    20 cm

The Blacklip Abalone is an important species targeted by the commercial fishing industry.

Identification

The Blacklip Abalone has a distinctive dark band along the edge of its shell but the shell is often covered in algae and plants making the abalone difficult to find.

Habitat

Blacklip Abalone live on intertidal rocky shores, and in coastal waters and oceans.

Distribution

Blacklip Abalones are found in Northern New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and Tasmania.

Other behaviours and adaptations

The Blacklip Abalone is usually seen aggregating from the low-tide mark to depths of 25 m along the southern waters of Australia, preferring to feed at night. Holes at the top of the shell are used for breathing. Water is drawn in the front of the shell, passed over the gills where oxygen is extracted, and then pumped out of the holes at the top.

The large shell is very beautiful and pearly inside, and is often used in jewellry.

Management

Abalone species are protected in Sydney's marine reserve areas, but elsewhere the maximum bag limit is 10 and minimum size limit 11.5 cm.