Spotted-tailed Quoll Click to enlarge image
Spotted-tailed Quoll Image: Pierre Pouliquin
creative commons

Fast Facts

  • IUCN Conservation Status
    ENDANGERED (EN)
  • Classification
    Species
    maculatus
    Genus
    Dasyurus
    Family
    Dasyuridae
    Order
    Dasyuromorphia
    Subclass
    Marsupialia
    Class
    Mammalia
    Subphylum
    Vertebrata
    Phylum
    Chordata
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    35 cm - 75 cm

The Spotted-tailed Quoll is the second largest carnivorous marsupial in Australia after the Tasmanian Devil.

Identification

There are four species of quolls in Australia and all have the characteristic pointed snout, well-developed canines and hairy tail. As their name suggests, the Spotted-tailed Quoll is the only species where the pattern of white spots on the body continues to the tail.

Habitat

Spotted-tailed Quolls live in forests and woodlands and heath.

Distribution

The Spotted-tailed Quoll is found in Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and Tasmania.



Feeding and diet

At night, this solitary animal hunts and feeds on a variety of prey including birds, medium-sized mammals and reptiles, which it attacks by biting the back of the skull or neck.

Other behaviours and adaptations

During the day, the Spotted-tailed Quoll shelters in caves, rock crevices or hollow logs.

Conservation status

The Spotted-tailed Quoll population is seriously threatened throughout mainland Australia and these marsupials are rarely seen in Sydney. The introduction of feral animals such as foxes, cats and dogs, as well as diseases and the destruction of their forest habitats, have greatly reduced their numbers.