Sydney's largest frog, the Giant Burrowing Frog, is an impressive amphibian.
The Giant Burrowing Frog is sometimes mistaken for the Cane Toad (Bufo marinus) because of its size and warty appearance. The easiest way to tell if you're looking at a Giant Burrowing Frog or a Cane Toad is to look at the eyes. The Cane Toad's eyes have a horizontal pupil with a gold iris. The Giant Burrowing Frog's eyes have a vertical pupil with a silver-grey iris.
The Giant Burrowing Frog lives in urban areas, forests and woodlands, and heath.
The Giant Burrowing Frog is found throughout Australia
Feeding and diet
Adult Giant Burrowing Frogs travel widely in search of food, which includes spiders, centipedes, insects, crayfish and even bull ants.
Giant Burrowing Frogs give an owl-like hoot call.
During the summer, male Giant Burrowing Frogs use their powerful spade-like back legs to dig deep burrows into creek banks. From here they give an owl-like hoot to attract females, giving them their other name, the Eastern Owl Frog. After mating, the females lay eggs in a foamy nest in the burrow. The tadpoles that develop are washed into the creek during heavy rain.
Like many amphibians, populations of the Giant Burrowing Frog are thought to be in decline.