Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    bougainvilli
    Genus
    Histiophryne
    Family
    Antennariidae
    Order
    Lophiiformes
    Class
    Actinopterygii
  • Size Range
    It grows to about 7 cm in length.

Introduction

The Smooth Anglerfish has a small lure on the snout.  This unusual fish occurs on coral reefs and inshore rocky reefs in temperate waters.

Identification

Fishes in the genus Histiophryne can be separated from all other anglerfishes by having the second and third dorsal fin spines showing only as low protruberances on the top of the head.  They also have the posterior-most margin of the dorsal and anal fins extending beyond the base of the caudal fin.

Habitat

The species occurs on coral reefs and inshore temperate rocky reefs.

Distribution

The species occurs from southern Queensland, around the south of the country and north to the central coast of Western Australia.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums.  Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Histiophryne bougainvilli

Ozcam map of Smooth Anglerfish specimens in the Australian Museums. http://ozcam.ala.org.au/occurrences/search?q=histiophryne%20bougainvilli&zoom=off#mapView

Life history cycle

As shown in some of the images, the species protects the developing eggs by wrapping the tail along the side of the body.

References

  1. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  2. Pietsch, T.W. & D.B. Grobecker. 1987. Frogfishes of the World. Systematics, Zoogeography, and Behavioural Ecology. Stanford University Press. Pp. 420.