<i>Grammatorcynus bicarinatus</i> Click to enlarge image
Shark Mackerel, Grammatorcynus bicarinatus. Image: Jay Cossey
© University of Guelph

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    bicarinatus
    Genus
    Grammatorcynus
    Family
    Scombridae
    Order
    Perciformes
    Class
    Actinopterygii
    Subphylum
    Vertebrata
    Phylum
    Chordata
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    It grows to 1.3 m in length and 13 kg.

Introduction

The Shark Mackerel is a fast-swimming pelagic species that occurs on the east and west coasts of northern Australia.



Identification

The species is olive-greenish above and has a two lateral lines, one along the back and the second branching off from the first below the anterior dorsal fin spines, crossing the belly and rejoining the upper lateral line below the last dorsal finlet.

Habitat

The Shark Mackerel is a pelagic species. The above video, which was captured with a pelagic baited remote underwater stereo-video system, shows a fish swimming in open water at a depth of 35 m. Footage courtesy of Julia Santana Garcon, Marine Ecology Group University of Western Australia.

Distribution

The Shark Mackerel occurs on the east and west coasts of northern Australia.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.



References

  1. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  2. Pepperell, J. 2010. Fishes of the Open Ocean. A natural history & illustrated guide. University of NSW Press. Pp. 266.
  3. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.