The Redfin was introduced to Australia from Europe around 1860. Since that time it has become widespread throughout much of New South Wales and Victoria.
The Redfin can be recognised by its pattern of six or more tapering bands on the sides of the body, a distinct black blotch at the rear of the first dorsal fin, and red pelvic, anal and caudal fins. It has a humped back behind the head, a large mouth, a slightly forked caudal fin, and two dorsal fins, the first with 13-17 strong spines.
It is usually found in still and slow flowing freshwaters.
In Australia it is recorded from New South Wales, Victoria, south-eastern South Australia, Tasmania and south-western Western Australia.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
Ozcam map of Redfin specimens in the Australian Museums. http://ozcam.ala.org.au/occurrences/search?q=perca%20fluviatilis&zoom=off#mapView
Feeding and diet
Food items include crustaceans, worms, molluscs, insect larvae and smaller fishes.
- Allen, G.R. 1989. Freshwater Fishes of Australia. T.F.H. Publications. Pp. 240.
- Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & M. Allen. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 394.
- Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178. McDowall, R.M. 1996. Freshwater Fishes of South-Eastern Australia. Reed Books. Pp. 247.
- Merrick, J.R. & G.E. Schmida. 1984. Australian Freshwater Fishes. Biology and Management. John R. Merrick. Pp. 409.