Painted Rainbow Wrasse, Suezichthys arquatus Click to enlarge image
A Painted Rainbow Wrasse at a depth of 20 m, North Solitary Island, New South Wales, June 1997. Image: Ian Shaw
© Ian Shaw

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    arquatus
    Genus
    Suezichthys
    Family
    Labridae
    Order
    Perciformes
    Class
    Actinopterygii
    Subphylum
    Vertebrata
    Phylum
    Chordata
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    The species grows to 16 cm in length.

Introduction

The Painted Rainbow Wrasse is recorded from temperate marine waters of the south-west Pacific.It occurs in a range of habitats.

Identification

Male Painted Rainbow Wrasse can be recognised by their colour pattern. They have blue stripes and dots on the body, red dorsal and anal fins, and a diagonal yellow line across the upper part of the caudal fin. Females and juveniles have pearly spots along the scale rows. They have dark spots at the front and rear of the dorsal fin and on the caudal fin base.

Habitat

It occurs in a range of habitats from shallow rocky reefs to offshore.

Distribution

The Painted Rainbow Wrasse is recorded from temperate marine waters of the south-west Pacific. In Australia is it is known from southern Queensland to southern New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.



References

  1. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  2. Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.
  3. Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. Pp. 433.
  4. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.
  5. Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Fairy and Rainbow Wrasses and their Relatives. A Comprehensive Guide to Selected Labroids. TMC Publishing. Pp. 208.