Largescale Neoscopelid, <i>Neoscopelus macrolepidotus</i> Click to enlarge image
A Largescale Neoscopelid, Neoscopelus macrolepidotus, trawled during the NORFANZ expedition at a depth between 798m and 880m, north of Lord Howe Island, 23 May 2003. The specimen is registered as CSIRO H6029-03. Image: Robin McPhee
© NORFANZ Founding Parties

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    macrolepidotus
    Genus
    Neoscopelus
    Family
    Neoscopelidae
    Order
    Myctophiformes
    Class
    Actinopterygii
    Subphylum
    Vertebrata
    Phylum
    Chordata
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    The species grows to 25 cm in length.

Introduction

The Largescale Neoscopelid is a deepsea species that has a row of photophores along the midline of the belly.

Identification

The Largescale Neoscopelid has a single short-based dorsal fin followed by an adipose fin. It has deciduous scales that are often lost when fish are caught in trawl nets. There is a row of photophores along the midline of the belly and two rows on the sides of the body. The body is brown with tinges of pink. The head is silver and the fins are pinkish.

Habitat

The Largescale Neoscopelid occurs in continental slope waters.

Distribution

The species occurs in most tropical and temperate marine waters. In Australia it is known from the central coast of New South Wales, south to Victoria and Tasmania, and around the south of the country to the Great Australian Bight. It is also known from off north-western Western Australia.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.



References

  1. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  2. Paxton, J.R. in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & R.H. Kuiter (Eds). 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. State Print, Adelaide. Pp. 992.