Horseshoe Leatherjacket, Meuschenia hippocrepis Click to enlarge image
A young Horseshoe Leatherjacket at a depth of 2m, near Marion Bay, Yorke Peninsula, South Australia. Image: David Muirhead
© David Muirhead

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    hippocrepis
    Genus
    Meuschenia
    Family
    Monacanthidae
    Order
    Tetraodontiformes
    Class
    Actinopterygii
    Subphylum
    Vertebrata
    Phylum
    Chordata
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    60 cm

Introduction

Adult Horseshoe Leatherjackets can be recognised by the horseshoe-shaped marking on the side of the body. The species occurs from the central coast of Victoria to south-western Western Australia.



Identification

Females and juveniles are similar in colouration to males, but lack a dark cheek bar.



Habitat

The species is usually seen in inshore waters, mostly associated with rocky reefs.

Distribution

The species occurs from the central coast of Victoria to south-western Western Australia.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.



References

  1. Gomon, M.F., Bray, D. & R.H. Kuiter (Eds). 2008. The Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Reed New Holland. Pp. 928.
  2. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.