Gillblotch Leatherjacket, Pervagor janthinosoma Click to enlarge image
A Gillblotch Leatherjacket at a depth of 15 m, Fly Point, Nelson Bay, New South Wales. Image: David Atkinson
© David Atkinson

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    janthinosoma
    Genus
    Pervagor
    Family
    Monacanthidae
    Order
    Tetraodontiformes
    Class
    Actinopterygii
    Subphylum
    Vertebrata
    Phylum
    Chordata
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    The Gillblotch Leatherjacket grows to 14cm in length.

Introduction

The Gillblotch Leatherjacket is usually seen in shallow lagoons and coral reefs. It can be very common in coral reef habitats but is secretive and is not usually noticed.



Identification

The species can be recognised by its orange-red caudal fin, the dark blotch over the gill opening and narrow black lines on the sides of the body.

Habitat

It occurs at depths of 1 m to 20 m.

Distribution

The species occurs in tropical marine waters of the Indo-Pacific, from East Africa, north to Japan, south to Australia and east to Tonga.

In Australia the Gillblotch Leatherjacket is known from the north-western coast of Western Australia and from northern Queensland to southern New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.



References

  1. Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 292.
  2. Allen, G.R. & R. Swainston. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 201.
  3. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  4. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.