Arripis trutta Click to enlarge image
Part of a school of several hundred Eastern Australian Salmon at a depth of 5 m, Shellharbour, Bass Point, New South Wales, March 2004. Image: S. Schulz
© Sascha Schulz

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    trutta
    Genus
    Arripis
    Family
    Arripidae
    Order
    Perciformes
    Class
    Actinopterygii
    Subphylum
    Vertebrata
    Phylum
    Chordata
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    It grows to 89 cm in length.

Introduction

New South Wales divers often see large schools of Eastern Australian Salmon while swimming in shallow coastal waters.



Identification

The Eastern Australian Salmon has a moderately elongate body with a long based dorsal fin and a large forked caudal fin. It has small eyes and a relatively large mouth.

The species is silvery below and darker above. The small pectoral fins are yellowish.

Habitat

The species occurs over sandy seabeds. Juveniles are usually seen in bays and estuaries. Adults are found in coastal waters

Distribution

The Eastern Australian Salmon occurs in temperate Australian and New Zealand waters.

In Australia it is known from southern Queensland to Tasmania.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.



Feeding and diet

Dietary items include zooplankton and fishes.

Other behaviours and adaptations

It is a schooling species.

References

  1. Edgar, G.J. 1997. Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. Reed Books. Pp. 544.
  2. Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.
  3. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.