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© Australian Museum

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    nigrofuscus
    Genus
    Acanthurus
    Family
    Acanthuridae
    Order
    Perciformes
    Class
    Actinopterygii
    Subphylum
    Vertebrata
    Phylum
    Chordata
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    It grows to 21 cm in length.

Introduction

The Brown Surgeonfish occurs in shallow tropical marine waters of the Indo-Pacific. It is brown to purple-brown with small orange spots on the head and thorax and has a black spot at the rear of the dorsal and anal fin bases.

Identification

The Brown Surgeonfish is brown to purple-brown with small orange spots on the head and thorax. There is a black spot at the rear of the dorsal and anal fin bases.

Habitat

Brown Surgeonfish lives in shallow tropical marine waters.

Distribution

This species occurs in the Indo-Pacific region.

In Australia it is known from south-western to north-western Western Australia and from the northern Great Barrier Reef to northern New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.

Ozcam map of Brown Surgeonfish specimens in the Australian Museum. http://ozcam.ala.org.au/occurrences/search?q=Acanthurus%20nigrofuscus&zoom=off#mapView

References

  1. Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 292.
  2. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.
  3. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.