Black-spotted Wrasse Click to enlarge image
A Black-spotted Wrasse at a depth of 8 m, Fly Point, Port Stephens, New South Wales, June 2004. Image: Dave Harasti
© Dave Harasti

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    maculatus
    Genus
    Austrolabrus
    Family
    Labridae
    Class
    Actinopterygii
    Subphylum
    Vertebrata
    Phylum
    Chordata
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    The Black-spotted Wrasse grows to 20 cm in length.

Introduction

The Black-spotted Wrasse is endemic to Australia. It is usually seen on rocky coastal reefs and sometimes in sponge gardens.

Identification

The Black-spotted Wrasse is pink to red-brown dorsally with numerous small dark spots, and pale to yellowish ventrally.

Juveniles and females have a white bar and white-edged black spot on the caudal peduncle. These markings are not present in adult males.

The genus Austrolabrus is monotypic (it only contains one species).

Habitat

It is usually seen on rocky coastal reefs and sometimes in sponge gardens.

Distribution

The species is endemic to Australia. It is known from two separate populations; an eastern population ranging from northern to southern New South Wales and a western population from the eastern coast of South Australia to the central coast of Western Australia.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.



References

  1. Edgar, G.J. 1997. Australian Marine Life: the plants and animals of temperate waters. Reed Books. Pp. 544.
  2. Gomon, M.F. & B.C. Russell. in Gomon, M.F, Glover, C.J.M. & R.H. Kuiter (Eds). 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. State Print, Adelaide. Pp. 992.
  3. Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.
  4. Kuiter, R.H. 1996. Guide to Sea Fishes of Australia. New Holland. Pp. 433.
  5. Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.