Black Pomfret, Parastromateus niger Click to enlarge image
A fresh 261mm SL adult Black Pomfret from Taiwan. Image: Kwang-Tsao Shao
© Kwang-Tsao Shao

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    niger
    Genus
    Parastromateus
    Family
    Carangidae
    Order
    Perciformes
    Class
    Actinopterygii
    Subphylum
    Vertebrata
    Phylum
    Chordata
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    55 cm

Introduction

Juvenile and adult Black Pomfret look quite different. The head, body and caudal fin of juveniles are strongly banded. Adults are not banded but are silvery-grey to bluish-brown all over.


Black Pomfret, Parastromateus niger
A 6 cm long juvenile Black Pomfret and jellyfish at a depth of less than 1 m (water depth 29 m), 25 km west-north-west of Dubai, Arabian/Persian Gulf, 28 April 2012. Image: Keith Wilson
© Keith Wilson

Identification

Juveniles have well developed pelvic fins which are lacking in adults.

Habitat

Juveniles may be associated with jellyfishes.

Distribution

The species occurs in tropical waters of the Indo-west Pacific region. In Australia, it is known from tropical waters of Western Australia, the Northern Territory and northern Queensland.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.



References

  1. Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
  2. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.