Bigscale Soldierfish Click to enlarge image
A Bigscale Soldierfish at Bougainville Reef, Coral Sea, Queensland, December 2000. Image: Erik Schlögl
© Erik Schlögl

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    berndti
    Genus
    Myripristis
    Family
    Holocentridae
    Class
    Actinopterygii
    Subphylum
    Vertebrata
    Phylum
    Chordata
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    The Bigscale Soldierfish grows to 30 cm in length.

Introduction

The Bigscale Soldierfish occurs on coral reefs and can be recognised by its colouration. During the day it is usually seen in caves and under ledges.

Identification

The Bigscale Soldierfish can be recognised by its colouration. The scales are silver-pink to pale yellow with red edges. The spiny dorsal fin is orange to yellow on the outer portion and red basally. All the other fins are red, with a white margin and often with a dark submarginal streak. The opercular membrane and naked area above the pectoral fin are dark brown to black.

Habitat

It occurs on coral reefs. During the day it is usually seen in caves and under ledges.

Distribution

The species is widely distributed throughout tropical, marine waters of the Indo-Pacific and eastern Pacific.

In Australia it is recorded from north-western Western Australia, around the tropical north and south to the central coast of New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.



References

  1. Myers, R.F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes. Coral Graphics. Pp. 330.
  2. Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.
  3. Randall, J.E & D.W. Greenfield, 1996. Revision of the Indo-Pacific Holocentrid Fishes of the Genus Myripristis, with descriptions of three new species. Indo-Pacific Fishes 25: 1-61, pls i-ix.