Barred Grunter, Pomadasys kaakan Click to enlarge image
Barred Grunter, Pomadasys kaakan(Cuvier, 1830) Image: Gus Yearsley
© CSIRO Fisheries

Fast Facts

  • Classification
    Species
    kaakan
    Genus
    Pomadasys
    Family
    Haemulidae
    Order
    Perciformes
    Class
    Actinopterygii
    Subphylum
    Vertebrata
    Phylum
    Chordata
    Kingdom
    Animalia
  • Size Range
    It grows to 38 cm in length and 6 kg in length.

Introduction

The Barred Javelin is a silvery fish that is mostly encountered in estuaries. Skulls from this fish are sometimes found washed up on the beach.

Identification

The Barred Javelin has spots and blotches on the dorsal fin and the bands of double spots or blotches on the body. Large individuals may loose the body spots.

Habitat

The Barred Javelin occurs in estuaries and coastal waters. It is usually associated with sandy or muddy seabeds.

Distribution

In Australia it is recorded in tropical waters from Shark Bay, Western Australia to northern New South Wales.

The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.



Feeding and diet

The species feeds on prawns, crabs, molluscs and small fishes.

Other behaviours and adaptations

The skull in the images was sent to the Australian Museum for identification by A. Jursevics. It was found on a beach near Townsville, Queensland. Jeff Johnson of the Queensland Museum identified it as the skull of a Barred Javelin.

Fish skulls are comprised of many bones, with a varying degree of fusion between them. Sometimes a skull is found which is missing some bones. The skull in the images is missing the bones in front and below the eye socket, plus the jaws.



References

  1. Allen, G.R. 1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-east Asia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 292.
  2. Gregory, W.K., 1959. Fish Skulls. A study of the Evolution of Natural Mechanisms. Eric Lundberg, Florida. Pp. 481.
  3. McKay, R. J. 1984. Classification of the grunters and javelin-fishes of Australia. Australian Fisheries. October 1984. 43(10):37-40.
  4. Sasaki, K. 1989. Phylogeny of the Family Sciaenidae, with notes on its Zoogeography (Teleostei, Perciformes). Memoirs of the Faculty of Fisheries, Hokkaido University. 36(1/2): 1-137.