Image: Steinheim skull Homo heidelbergensis

Steinheim skull Homo heidelbergensis

Cast of a skull discovered in1933 in Steinheim, Germany. It dates to about 250,000 years old. The face of the Steinheim skull is shaped like those of other Homo heidelbergensis individuals although it is less robust and may belong to an adult female. The cranium, however, is Neanderthal-like as it is very rounded at the rear and has a slight depression in the occipital bone at the back of the skull. Brain size is about 1110 to 1200cc.

Carl Bento
© Australian Museum


This skull is considered to be an example of European Homo heidelbergensis fossils that were showing early Neanderthal-like features by about 300,000 years ago, suggesting that Neanderthals evolved in Europe from this species.

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