Image: Homo neanderthalensis skull

Homo neanderthalensis skull

Discovered: 1908 in La Chapelle-aux-Saints, France
Age: 50,000 years old

This male individual had lost most of his teeth and his skeleton showed evidence of major injuries and disease including a healed broken hip, and arthritis of the lower neck, back, hip and shoulders. He survived for quite some time with these complaints, which indicates that these people cared for the sick and elderly.

Stuart Humphreys
© Australian Museum

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