Animal Species:Hawaiian Giant Herring, Elops hawaiensis Regan, 1909
The Giant Herring can be recognised by its silvery colour, slender body, relatively large mouth, single dorsal fin and strong forked tail. It is a schooling species found in coastal and estuarine waters.
Hawaiian Giant Herring, Elops hawaiensis
Photographer: Wayne Power © Clarence District Fisheries Office
Standard Common Name
Hawaiian Giant Herring
Banana Fish, Chiro, Giant Herring, Hawaiian Ladyfish, Pincushion-fish, Torres Strait Herring, Ten Pounder.
The Giant Herring can be recognised by its silvery colour, slender body, relatively large mouth, single dorsal fin and strong forked tail.
The species grows to 1.2 m in length.
A second species from the Elopiformes family, E.machnata, is recorded from Western Australian waters. Its teeth are different from those of E.hawaiensis.
This species is recorded from Australia, Hawaii and the Philippines. In Australia, the Giant Herring is recorded in tropical and subtropical waters. On the east coast is is recorded south to Sydney, and on the west coast, south to Albany. A few specimens have also been recorded from South Australia.
Distribution by collection data
It occurs in coastal and estuarine waters.
Other behaviours and adaptations
The Giant Herring is a schooling species.
- Allen, G.R & R. Swainston. 1988. The Marine Fishes of North-Western Australia. A Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 201.
- Glover, C.J.M. in Gomon, M.F, C.J.M. Glover & R.H. Kuiter (Eds). 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. State Print, Adelaide. Pp. 992.
- Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
- Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.
Mark McGrouther , Senior Fellow
Tags Fishes, Ichthyology, Hawaiian Giant Herring, Elops hawaiensis, Elopidae, silver, long and skinny, large mouth, single dorsal fin, forked tail, schooling species, coastal water, estuarine water, Banana Fish, Chiro, Giant Herring, Hawaiian Ladyfish, Pincushion-fish, Torres Strait Herring, Ten Pounder, > 1m, tropica, tropical water, subtropical water, adult, marine,