Animal Species:Dwarf Dory, Zenion sp.
The Dwarf Dory is an undescribed species. This page gives an overview of the Dwarf Dories.
Dwarf Dory, Zenion sp, trawled during the NORFANZ expedition
Photographer: Kerryn Parkinson © Australian Museum
Standard Common Name
Fishes in the family Zeniontidae have been called Armoreye Dories, Bighead Dories, Capro Dories, Elongate Dories and Rough-head Dories.
Number of species
One described species, Zenion japonicum, and several undescribed species are currently known from Australian waters.
The Dwarf Dories have very large eyes and a protrusible mouth. They have pelvic fins with a strong spine (serrated in Zenion) and six or seven rays. There is a spiny ridge at the base of both the dorsal and anal fins.
Most species in the family Zeniontidae grow to no more than 10 cm in length.
Dwarf Dories occur in the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
Distribution by collection data
Dwarf Dories are benthic fishes that occur in continental slope waters at depths from 150 m to well over 1000 m.
- Heemstra, P.C. 1999. Macrurocyttidae. in Carpenter, K.E. & V.H. Niem (Eds). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO. Rome Pp. iii-v, 2069-2790.
- Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen & J.E. Hanley. 1989. Zoological Catalogue of Australia Vol.7 Pisces Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Canberra: Australian Biological Resources Survey. Pp. i-xii, 1-665.
Mark McGrouther , Senior Fellow
Tags fishes, ichthyology, Dwarf Dory, Zenion sp., Zeniontidae, undescribed species, Armoreye Dories, Bighead Dories, Capro Dories, Elongate Dories, Rough-head Dories, large eyes, protrusible mouth, < 10 cm, benthic, continental slope,