Animal Species:Blue Grenadier, Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector, 1871)
The Blue Grenadier is a benthic species in temperate marine waters of Australia and New Zealand. Juveniles are found inshore, while adults are found in continental slope waters.
Blue Grenadier, Macruronus novaezelandiae
Photographer: Robin McPhee, NORFANZ © Robin McPhee, NORFANZ
Standard Common Name
The Blue Grenadier has also been called the Blue Hake, Hoki and New Zealand Whip-tail.
The Blue Grenadier is an elongate, compressed fish that tapers to a point. The second dorsal, anal and caudal fins are all joined. It has a large mouth and tiny deciduous scales.
The species is silvery with a purplish or bluish-green tinge above. The fins of live fish are dark blue.
It grows to about 1.1 m in length and a weight of about 6 kg.
The species occurs in temperate marine waters of Australia and New Zealand. In Australia it is known from off central New South Wales to south-eastern Western Australia.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
Distribution by collection data
The Blue Grenadier is a benthic species that is found inshore as juveniles and in continental slope waters at depths from 450 m to 800 m as adults.
The Blue Grenadier is a commercially important species.
- Gomon, M.F. in Gomon, M.F., Glover, C.J.M. & R.H. Kuiter (Eds). 1994. The Fishes of Australia's South Coast. State Print, Adelaide. Pp. 992.
- Yearsley, G.K., Last, P.R. & R.D. Ward. 1999. Australian Seafood Handbook, an identification guide to domestic species. CSIRO Marine Research. Pp. 461.
Mark McGrouther , Senior Fellow
Tags fishes, ichthyology, Blue Grenadier, Macruronus novaezelandiae, Merlucciidae, benthic, temperate water, marine, continental slope, Blue Hake, Hoki, New Zealand Whip-tail, elongate, tapers, large mouth, > 1m,