Here's a list of published references and web links that address student learning in museums.
Bamberger, Y. and Tal, T. (2008). An Experience for the Lifelong Journey: The Long-term Effect of a Class Visit to a Science Centre. Visitor Studies, 11(2), 198-212.
Birney, B. (1988). Criteria for successful museum and zoo visits: Children offer guidance. Curator, 31, 292-316.
Burnette, A., Cherry, R., Proctor, N. and Samis, P. (2011). Getting On (not under) the Mobile 2.0 Bus: Emerging issues in the mobile business model. In J. Trant and D. Bearman (Eds). Museums and the Web 2011: Proceedings. Toronto: Archives & Museum Informatics.
Cornu, B. (2004). Networking and collective intelligence for teachers and learners. In A. Brown and N. Davis (Eds). Digital Technology, Communities and Education (pp. 40-45). London: Routledge.
DeWitt, J. and Storksdieck, M. (2008). A Short Review of School Field Trips: Key Findings from the Past and Implications for the Future. Visitor Studies, 11(2).
DeWitt, J. and Hohenstein, J. (2010). Supporting Student Learning: A Comparison of Student Discussion in Museums and Classrooms. Visitor Studies, 13(1), 41-66.
Dewey, J. (1938). Experience and Education. New York: Kappa Delta Pi.
Falk, J., and Dierking, L. (1992). The Museum Experience. Washington: Whalesback Books.
Falk, J., and Dierking, L. (1997). School Field trips: Assessing Their Long-Term Impact. Curator, 40(3), 211-218.
Falk, J., and Dierking, L. (2000). Learning from Museums: Visitor Experiences and the Making of Meaning. Walnut Creek: AltaMira Press.
Griffin, J. (2004). Research on Students and Museums: Looking More Closely at the Students in School Groups. Science Education, 88(Supplement 1), S60-S70.
Groundwater-Smith, S. and Kelly, L. (2010).Learning outside the classroom: A partnership with a difference. In A. Campbell and S. Groundwater-Smith (Eds). Connecting Inquiry and Professional Learning in Education (pp.179-191). London: Routledge.
Groundwater-Smith, S., Fitzgerald, P. and Kelly, L. (2009). Finding the ‘e’ in Museum: Explore, excite, examine, excavate, entertain, engage. Unpublished report of the June 12 2009 Teachers’ College.
Jarvis, T. and Pell, A. (2005). Factors influencing elementary school childrens’ attitudes toward science before, during and after a visit to the UK National Space Centre. Journal of Research In Science Teaching, 42(1), 53-83.
Johnson, L., Witchey, H., Smith, R., Levine, A., and Haywood, K., (2011). The 2011 Horizon Report: Museum Edition. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium.
Kelly, L. (2007). Visitors and Learners: Adult Museum Visitors’ Learning Identities. PhD diss., University of Technology, Sydney.
Kelly, L. and Groundwater-Smith, S. (2009).Revisioning the Physical and On-line Museum: A Partnership with the Coalition of Knowledge Building Schools. Journal of Museum Education, 34(4), 55-68.
Kelly, L. and Fitzgerald, P. (2011). Cooperation, Collaboration, Challenge: How to Work with the Changing Nature of Educational Audiences in Museums. In N. Mockler and J. Sachs (Eds). Rethinking Educational Practice Through Reflexive Enquiry (pp.77-88). London: Springer.
Kelly, L. and Russo, A. (2008). From Ladders of Participation to Networks of Participation: Social Media and Museum Audiences. In J. Trant and D. Bearman (Eds). Museums and the Web 2008: Selected Papers from an International Conference (pp.83-92). Toronto: Archives and Museum Informatics.
Kelly, L. and Russo, A. (2010). From Communities of Practice to Value Networks: Engaging Museums in Web 2.0. In F. Cameron and L. Kelly (Eds). Hot Topics, Public Culture, Museums (pp.281-298). London: Cambridge Scholars.
Kisiel, J. (2005). Understanding elementary teacher motivations for science fieldtrips. Science Education, 86, 936-955.
McManus, P. (1985). Worksheet-induced behaviour in the British Museum (Natural History). Journal of Biological Education, 19, 237-242.
Miglietta, A., Belmonte, G. and Boero, F. (2008) A Summative Evaluation of Science Learning: A Case Study of the Marine Biology Museum “Pietro Parenzan” (South East Italy). Visitor Studies, 11(2), 213-219.
Wolins, I., Jensen, N. and Ulzheimer, R. (1992). Children’s memories of museum field trips: A qualitative study. Journal of Museum Education, 17(2), 17-27.
Xanthoudaki, M. (1998). Is it always worth the trip? The contribution of museum and gallery educational programmes to classroom art education. Cambridge Journal of Education, 28, 181-195.
Australian Museum Online Resources