Animal Species:Yellowfin Leatherjacket, Meuschenia trachylepis (Günther, 1870)
The Yellowfin Leatherjacket is commonly found in estuarine seagrass beds and kelp-covered rocky reefs. At night this species can been seen biting onto a strand of seagrass to keep it anchored while it sleeps.
Standard Common Name
The species can be recognised by the the caudal fin pattern and the scribble-like markings on the sides of the body.
It has a strong, barbed dorsal spine above the eye, narrow gill openings above the pectoral fins and usually two pairs of spines on the caudal peduncle.
The Yellowfin Leatherjacket grows to 35 cm in length
The Yellowfin Leatherjacket is endemic to Australia. It is usually seen at depths of 10 m to 40 m from southern Queensland to eastern Victoria.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
Distribution by collection data
The species is commonly found in shallow estuaries, particularly during their juvenile and young adult stages. Large adults are often seen on rocky reefs.
- Gomon, M.F., Bray, D. & R.H. Kuiter (Eds). 2008. The Fishes of Australia's Southern Coast. Reed New Holland. Pp. 928.
- Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
- Hutchins, B. & R. Swainston. 1986. Sea Fishes of Southern Australia. Complete Field Guide for Anglers and Divers. Swainston Publishing. Pp. 180.
- Kuiter, R.H. 2000. Coastal Fishes of South-eastern Australia. Gary Allen. Pp. 437.
Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology
Tags fish, ichthyology, Yellowfin Leatherjacket, Meuschenia trachylepis, seagrass, Monacanthidae, yellow, flatfish, 30 cm - 1 m, blotches, dots, rocky reef, marine, barbed dorsal spine above eye, barbed dorsal fin, white, brown, purple,