Animal Species:Southern Shortfin Eel, Anguilla australis Richardson, 1841
Standard Common Name
Southern Shortfin Eel
Australian Shortfinned Eel, Freshwater Eel, River Eel, Silver Eel, Yellow Eel
The Southern Shortfin Eel is the only freshwater eel in southern Australian waters with a uniform body colouration.
It grows to about 90 cm in length.
The species occurs widely throughout the Western Pacific region.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
It lives in still, often turbid, freshwaters. Mature eels migrate to sea to spawn and young eels return to freshwater habitats.
- Allen, G.R., Midgley, S.H. & M. Allen. 2002. Field Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Australia. Western Australian Museum. Pp. 394.
- Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology