Refereed Article Suppression of Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation by a c-myc RNA- cleaving Deoxyribozyme

Citation: Sun LQ, Cairns MJ, Gerlach WL, Witherington C, Wang L, King A. 1999. Suppression of Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation by a c-myc RNA- cleaving Deoxyribozyme. Journal of Biological Chemistry. Vol 274, No 24. (11 June 1999): 17236-17241. (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10358082). ISSN 0021-9258

Abstract:

A small catalytic DNA molecule targeting c-myc RNA was found to be a potent inhibitor of smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation. The catalytic domain of this molecule was based on that previously derived by in vitro selection (Santoro, S. W., and Joyce, G. F. (1997) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 94, 4262-4266) and is known as the "10-23" general purpose RNA-cleaving deoxyribozyme. In addition to inhibiting SMC proliferation at low concentration, this molecule (targeting the translation initiation region of c-myc RNA) was found to efficiently cleave its full-length substrate in vitro and down-regulate c-myc gene expression in smooth muscle cells. The serum nuclease stability of this molecule was enhanced without substantial loss of kinetic efficiency by inclusion of a 3'-3'-internucleotide inversion at the 3'-terminal. The extent of SMC suppression was found to be influenced by the length of the substrate binding arms. This correlated to some extent with catalytic activity in both the short substrate under multiple turnover conditions and the full-length substrate under single turnover conditions, with the 9 + 9 base arm molecule producing the greatest activity

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