Animal Species:Ocellate Butterflyfish, Parachaetodon ocellatus (Cuvier, 1831)
The Ocellate Butterflyfish is the only species in the genus Parachaetodon. It occurs in marine waters of the tropical eastern Indian Ocean to the western Pacific.
Standard Common Name
Eye-spot Butterflyfish, Ocellate Coralfish, Six-spined Butterfly-fish, Six-spined Coralfish
The Ocellate Butterflyfish has a triangular dorsal fin that is mostly yellow. The fish has a white ground colour with five brown to orange bands. The first band, which passes through the eye is orange with black edges. The band that runs below the middle of the dorsal fin has a dark spot dorsally. There is an oval-shaped mark with a silver anterior margin on the caudal peduncle.
The species grows to about 18 cm in length.
The Ocellate Butterflyfish occurs in marine waters of the tropical eastern Indian Ocean to the western Pacific. In Australia it is known from south-western Western Australia, around the tropical north of the country and south on the east coast to the central coast of New South Wales.
The map below shows the Australian distribution of the species based on public sightings and specimens in Australian Museums. Click on the map for detailed information. Source: Atlas of Living Australia.
Distribution by collection data
It is found on coral reefs and in bays and estuaries often associated with seagrass beds.
- Allen, G.R., Steene, R. & M. Allen. 1998. A Guide to Angelfishes & Butterflyfishes. Odyssey Publishing/Tropical Reef Research. Pp. 250.
- Hoese, D.F., Bray, D.J., Paxton, J.R. & G.R. Allen. 2006. Fishes. In Beesley, P.L. & A. Wells. (eds) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 35. ABRS & CSIRO Publishing: Australia. parts 1-3, pages 1-2178.
- Kuiter, R.H. 2002. Butterflyfishes. Bannerfishes and their relatives. A Comprehensive Guide to Chaetodontidae & Microcanthidae. TMC Publishing. Pp. 208.
- Randall, J.E., Allen, G.R. & R.C. Steene. 1997. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. Crawford House Press. Pp. 557.
Mark McGrouther , Collection Manager, Ichthyology