Australian Museum Journal Bones and muscles of the suspensorium in the galaxioids and Lepidogalaxias salamandroides (Teleostei: Osmeriformes) and their phylogenetic significance

Shortform:
Williams, 1997, Rec. Aust. Mus. 49(2): 139–166
Author(s):
Williams, R. R. G.
Year published:
1997
Title:
Bones and muscles of the suspensorium in the galaxioids and Lepidogalaxias salamandroides (Teleostei: Osmeriformes) and their phylogenetic significance
Serial title:
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume:
49
Issue:
2
Start page:
139
End page:
166
DOI:
10.3853/j.0067-1975.49.1997.1263
Language:
English
Date published:
15 October 1997
Cover date:
15 October 1997
ISSN:
0067-1975
CODEN:
RAUMAJ
Publisher:
The Australian Museum
Place published:
Sydney, Australia
Subjects:
FISHES; TAXONOMY; OSTEOLOGY
Digitized:
17 November 2008
Available online:
17 November 2008
Reference number:
1263
EndNote package:
EndNote file
Title page:
Title page (99kb PDF)
Complete work:
Complete work (3791kb PDF)

Abstract

The phylogenetic position of the south-western Australian endemic, Lepidogalaxias salamandroides, has been controversial since its description by Mees in 1961. Some workers place this tiny fish with the galaxioids of the southern end of the Southern Hemisphere, one considered it to be an esocoid (a group otherwise restricted to the northern end of the Northern Hemisphere), while another hypothesises that it may be the sister group of the Neoteleostei. My study of the suspensorium and its muscles in associated euteleosts supports the hypothesis that the galaxioids are monophyletic and include Lepidogalaxias. Data from the bones and muscles of the suspensorium suggests the following pattern: ([Retropinnidae + Prototroctidae] + [Lepidogalaxias + (Galaxiidae + Aplochitonidae)]). Lepidogalaxias is the sister group of Galaxiidae + Aplochitonidae based particularly on synapomorphies of the adductor mandibulae. The suspensorium and its muscles in Lepidogalaxias and the other galaxioids are described in detail for the first time. I also critically evaluate competing hypotheses of galaxioid relationships and comment on paedomorphosis in the group.

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