Australian Museum Journal Soil and landscape history in the vicinity of archaeological sites at Glen Davis, New South Wales

Shortform:
Walker, 1964, Rec. Aust. Mus. 26(7): 247–264
Author(s):
Walker, P. H.
Year published:
1964
Title:
Soil and landscape history in the vicinity of archaeological sites at Glen Davis, New South Wales
Serial title:
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume:
26
Issue:
7
Start page:
247
End page:
264
DOI:
10.3853/j.0067-1975.26.1964.675
Language:
English
Plates:
plates 25–27
Date published:
12 June 1964
Cover date:
12 June 1964
ISSN:
0067-1975
CODEN:
RAUMAJ
Publisher:
The Australian Museum
Place published:
Sydney, Australia
Subjects:
ARCHAEOLOGY; GEODIVERSITY; ABORIGINES: AUSTRALIAN
Digitized:
24 February 2006
Available online:
06 March 2009
Reference number:
675
EndNote package:
EndNote file
Title page:
Title page (47kb PDF)
Complete work:
Complete work (7565kb PDF)

Abstract

[excerpt from p. 258] The soils above layer T at cave 1 provide a marked contrast between relatively uniform undifferentiated materials inside the cave and materials with distinct clay segregation outside. The shelter of the cave would be expected to afford considerable protection against the direct effects of leaching which are evident outside the cave; in addition, the more or less continuous disturbance of cave deposits by man, together with the accretion of charcoal and other organic material, would tend to mask the evidence of soil formation. The presence of clayey material and segregations within layer T inside the cave indicate, however, that soil development does take place in the sheltered environment when man is absent from the site. The high permeability of the sediments is no doubt sufficient to permit the movement of colloids with seepage water which would encroach on sheltered sites. It is likely, therefore, that disturbance and accretion due to human occupation have been major factors in minimizing soil differentiation of layers corresponding to PQ.R and S within the cave, while in exposed sites these layers were weathered and clay was translocated to form bands of accumulation.

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