Australian Museum Journal Shell and bone artefacts from the Emily Bay settlement site, Norfolk Island

Shortform:
Schmidt et al., 2001, Rec. Aust. Mus., Suppl. 27: 67–74
Author(s):
Schmidt, Lyn; Anderson, Atholl; Fullagar, Richard
Year published:
2001
Title:
Shell and bone artefacts from the Emily Bay settlement site, Norfolk Island
Serial title:
Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement
Volume:
27
Start page:
67
End page:
74
DOI:
10.3853/j.0812-7387.27.2001.1340
Language:
English
Date published:
28 November 2001
Cover date:
28 November 2001
ISBN:
ISBN 0-7347-2305-9
ISSN:
0812-7387
CODEN:
RAMSEZ
Publisher:
The Australian Museum
Place published:
Sydney, Australia
Subjects:
ARCHAEOLOGY; NORFOLK ISLAND; MOLLUSCA
Digitized:
28 November 2001
Available online:
28 November 2001
Reference number:
1340
EndNote package:
EndNote file
Title page:
Title page (11kb PDF)
Complete work:
Complete work (374kb PDF)

Abstract

Amongst molluscan shell from the Emily Bay site were 40 specimens of fragmented bivalves, especially of Gari livida, which were examined for evidence of their use as artefacts. Experiments using modern specimens of the same taxa showed that it was impossible to define deliberate breakage sufficiently clearly to define shell tools on that criterion. Analysis of usewear by microscopic inspection of edges was the main discriminant adopted. In addition vegetable residues were identified on several edges. These means identified 19 pieces as tools, which had been used mainly for scraping soft materials. Two other tools were identified by morphology. A small assemblage of bone and marine ivory artefacts was also recovered from Emily Bay. Most were pieces of fishing gear.