Australian Museum Journal Syllinae (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from Australia. Part 1. Genera Branchiosyllis, Eurysyllis, Karroonsyllis, Parasphaerosyllis, Plakosyllis, Rhopalosyllis, Tetrapalpia n.gen., and Xenosyllis

Shortform:
San Martín et al., 2008, Rec. Aust. Mus. 60(2): 119–160
Author(s):
San Martín, Guillermo ; Hutchings, Pat; Aguado, María Teresa
Year published:
2008
Title:
Syllinae (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from Australia. Part 1. Genera Branchiosyllis, Eurysyllis, Karroonsyllis, Parasphaerosyllis, Plakosyllis, Rhopalosyllis, Tetrapalpia n.gen., and Xenosyllis
Serial title:
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume:
60
Issue:
2
Start page:
119
End page:
160
DOI:
10.3853/j.0067-1975.60.2008.1494
Language:
English
Date published:
01 October 2008
Cover date:
01 October 2008
ISSN:
0067-1975
CODEN:
RAUMAJ
Publisher:
The Australian Museum
Place published:
Sydney, Australia
Subjects:
POLYCHAETA; TAXONOMY
Digitized:
01 October 2008
Available online:
10 October 2008
Reference number:
1494
EndNote package:
EndNote file
Title page:
Title page (46kb PDF)
Complete work:
Complete work (3186kb PDF)

Abstract

Large collections of Syllidae (Polychaeta) from around Australia, housed at the Australian Museum (Sydney), have been examined and identified. Australian material from the Hamburgische Zoologische Museum der Universität, Hamburg, Germany was also examined, as well as some specimens lodged in other museums. All known Australian species of the subfamily Syllinae (Syllidae) belonging to the genera Branchiosyllis Ehlers, 1887 (9 species); Eurysyllis Ehlers, 1864 (1 species); Karroonsyllis San Martín & López, 2003 (1 species); Parasphaerosyllis Monro, 1937 (1 species); Plakosyllis Hartmann- Schröder, 1956 (1 species); Rhopalosyllis Augener, 1913 (1 species), Tetrapalpia n.gen. (1 species), and Xenosyllis Marion & Bobretzky, 1875 (2 species), are described and figured. Some were examined using the Scanning Electron Microscope to illustrate characters and methods of reproduction in this subfamily. Since there are numerous genera and species of Syllinae, the results will be presented in a series of several papers treating different genera. Keys to genera of Australian Syllinae will be provided in the final paper. Keys to species level are provided for genera having more than one Australian representative. Six new species are described: Branchiosyllis baringabooreen, B. orbiniiformis, B. carmenroldanae, B. thylacine, Xenosyllis moloch, and X. scabroides. A new genus, Tetrapalpia is described for the species Opisthosyllis dorsoaciculata. The genus Xenosyllis is described for the first time from Australia, as well as Branchiosyllis oculata Ehlers, 1887, and B. maculata (Imajima, 1966). A discussion of the reproduction and systematics of the subfamily is given.

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