Australian Museum Journal Exogoninae (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from Australia with the description of a new genus and twenty-two new species

Shortform:
San Martín, 2005, Rec. Aust. Mus. 57(1): 39–152
Author(s):
San Martín, Guillermo
Year published:
2005
Title:
Exogoninae (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from Australia with the description of a new genus and twenty-two new species
Serial title:
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume:
57
Issue:
1
Start page:
39
End page:
152
DOI:
10.3853/j.0067-1975.57.2005.1438
Language:
English
Date published:
27 April 2005
Cover date:
27 April 2005
ISSN:
0067-1975
CODEN:
RAUMAJ
Publisher:
The Australian Museum
Place published:
Sydney, Australia
Subjects:
POLYCHAETA; TAXONOMY
Digitized:
27 April 2005
Available online:
27 April 2005
Reference number:
1438
EndNote package:
EndNote file
Title page:
Title page (56kb PDF)
Complete work:
Complete work (6298kb PDF)

Abstract

Large collections of Syllidae (Polychaeta) from around Australia, which were deposited at the Australian Museum (Sydney), and at Museum Victoria as well as some specimens from Tasmania, have been examined and identified. Additionally material from the Hamburgische Zoologische Museum der Universität, Hamburg, Germany was examined. All known Australian species of the subfamily Exogoninae (Syllidae) are described and figured. Some were examined using the Scanning Electron Microscope to illustrate some characters and methods of reproduction in this subfamily. Keys to genera and species are given. A total of 74 species are reported from Australia belonging to 8 genera: Nooralia San Martín, 2002 (1 species); Salvatoria McIntosh, 1885 (7 species); Prosphaerosyllis San Martín, 1984 (10 species); Erinaceusyllis n.gen. (10 species); Sphaerosyllis Claparède, 1863 (12 species); Brania Quatrefages, 1866 (3 species); Parapionosyllis Fauvel, 1923 (2 species); and Exogone Örsted, 1845 (29 species). A total of 22 new species are described: Salvatoria pilkena, S. koorineclavata, Prosphaerosyllis battiri, Erinaceusyllis cirripapillata, E. ettiennei, E. kathrynae, E. hartmannschroederae, Sphaerosyllis bardukaciculata, S. goorabantennata, S. voluntariorum, S. georgeharrisoni, Parapionosyllis winnunga, P. richardi, Exogone (Parexogone) patriciae, E. (P.) annamurrayae, E. (P.) penelopeae, E. (P.) wilsoni, Exogone (Exogone) koorenborongi, E. (E.) haswelli, E. (E.) ingridae, E. (E.) goorapuranga, E. (E.) arrakatarkoola. Additionally, 13 species are new records for Australia: Exogone (P.) homosetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965b); E. (P.) wolfi San Martín, 1991a; E. (P.) caribensis San Martín, 1991; E. (P.) gambiae Lanera, Sordino & San Martín, 1994; Exogone (E.) longicornis Westheide, 1974; E. (E.) lourei Berkeley & Berkeley, 1938; E. (E.)breviantennata Hartmann-Schröder, 1959; E. (E.) dispar (Webster, 1879); E. (Sylline) naidinoides Westheide, 1974; Sphaerosyllis capensis Day, 1953; Prosphaerosyllis isabellae Nogueira, San Martín & Amaral, 2001; Erinaceusyllis bidentata (Hartmann- Schröder, 1974); and E. belizensis (Russell, 1989). The Australian records of Sphaerosyllis perspicax Ehlers, 1908, and S. sublaevis Ehlers, 1913 should be referred to other species, and are not included (see Ehlers, 1908; 1913). A general discussion of the reproduction and systematics of the subfamily is given.

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