Australian Museum Journal Notes on the architecture, nesting-habits, and life-histories of Australian Araneidae, based on specimens in the Australian Museum

Shortform:
Rainbow, 1902, Rec. Aust. Mus. 4(7): 312–316
Author(s):
Rainbow, W. J.
Year published:
1902
Title:
Notes on the architecture, nesting-habits, and life-histories of Australian Araneidae, based on specimens in the Australian Museum
Serial title:
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume:
4
Issue:
7
Start page:
312
End page:
316
DOI:
10.3853/j.0067-1975.4.1902.1110
Language:
English
Date published:
25 August 1902
Cover date:
25 August 1902
ISSN:
0067-1975
CODEN:
RAUMAJ
Publisher:
The Australian Museum
Place published:
Sydney, Australia
Digitized:
13 November 2008
Available online:
05 March 2009
Reference number:
1110
EndNote package:
EndNote file
Title page:
Title page (83kb PDF)
Complete work:
Complete work (487kb PDF)

Abstract

The Ecribellatae: Haplogynae. The Ecribellatae have been divided into two sub-sections or groups, viz., the Haplogynae and Entelegynae, and of these the former contains six families: Sicariidae, Leptonetidae, Oonopidae, Hadrotarsidae, Dysderidae, and Caponiidae. In Australia, the Haplogynae are represented by the first, third, fourth, and fifth families here enumerated. None of these spiders is provided with a cribellum or calamistrum, and the majority have only six eyes. In external appearance, and simplicity, their sexual organs closely approach the Theraphosae. The genital orifice is situated in both sexes in the epigastric fold, between the pulmonary sacs, and is a simple transverse slit. In the male the last joint of the maxillary palpi is more or less cylindrical, and slightly modified in form, and differs but little in general appearance from that of the female; the copulatory organ consists of a cylindrical or globose lobe, with a more or less prolonged extension, and this may be either straight, curved, or twisted, and acts as the conductor of the styli, the orifice of which is situated at the tip. Family Sicaridie. This family is divided by Simon into six sub-families, only one of which Scytodinae is represented in Australia. One genus only, Scytodes, Latr., is associated by E. Simon with this sub-family,

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