Australian Museum Journal A radiation of hydrobiid snails in threatened artesian springs in western Queensland

Shortform:
Ponder and Clark, 1990, Rec. Aust. Mus. 42(3): 301–363
Author(s):
Ponder, Winston F.; Clark, G. A.
Year published:
1990
Title:
A radiation of hydrobiid snails in threatened artesian springs in western Queensland
Serial title:
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume:
42
Issue:
3
Start page:
301
End page:
363
DOI:
10.3853/j.0067-1975.42.1990.119
Language:
English
Date published:
16 November 1990
Cover date:
16 November 1990
ISSN:
0067-1975
CODEN:
RAUMAJ
Publisher:
The Australian Museum
Place published:
Sydney, Australia
Subjects:
MOLLUSCA: GASTROPODA; TAXONOMY
Digitized:
26 November 2008
Available online:
18 December 2008
Reference number:
119
EndNote package:
EndNote file
Title page:
Title page (78kb PDF)
Complete work:
Complete work (18118kb PDF)

Abstract

A radiation of hydrobiid snails exhibiting diverse morphology is described from western Queensland. All but one of the species live in springs west of the Great Dividing Range, most of them derived from water emanating from the Great Artesian Basin. Twelve species contained in the genus lardinella are described from eight springs or small spring groups, spread over an area of about 260,850 km2 Most of the species are found in springs that are highly vulnerable to damage and are thus under threat of extinction. Only one species is located in a protected area. The 12 species, all of them new, are discriminated primarily using shell and anatomical characters. A cladistic analysis is used to indicate the probable evolution of the group which is shown to be a monophyletic radiation separated from related genera on opercular and genital morphology. Discriminate analysis shows that the species can be distinguished on shell characters alone. Seven allopatric species are found in separate springs or small groups of springs, the remaining five (and a sixth undescribed species) live in Edgbaston Springs, all six species living sympatrically in at least one of these springs. The genus lardinella is thought to consist of the relictual endpoints of a radiation that commenced in the (mid?)Tertiary. The type species is found in coastal streams and rivers in north Queensland and represents a rather derived member of the group. All but one of the spring-associated species is considered to be endangered because the springs in which they are found have no conservation status and are threatened by pastoral activities and drawdown caused by artesian bores.