Australian Museum Journal The biology and functional morphology of the coral-sand bivalve Fimbria fimbriata (Linnaeus 1758)

Shortform:
Morton, 1979, Rec. Aust. Mus. 32(11): 389–420
Author(s):
Morton, Brian
Year published:
1979
Title:
The biology and functional morphology of the coral-sand bivalve Fimbria fimbriata (Linnaeus 1758)
Serial title:
Records of the Australian Museum
Volume:
32
Issue:
11
Start page:
389
End page:
420
DOI:
10.3853/j.0067-1975.32.1979.468
Language:
English
Plates:
including Malacological Workshop map
Date published:
31 December 1979
Cover date:
31 December 1979
ISSN:
0067-1975
CODEN:
RAUMAJ
Publisher:
The Australian Museum
Place published:
Sydney, Australia
Subjects:
MOLLUSCA: BIVALVIA; TAXONOMY; ECOLOGY, MARINE
Digitized:
05 January 2009
Available online:
03 March 2009
Reference number:
468
EndNote package:
EndNote file
Title page:
Title page (157kb PDF)
Complete work:
Complete work (4028kb PDF)

Abstract

Fimbria fimbriata Linnaeus 1758 is an infaunal inhabitant of coral sands in the Indo-Pacific. The structure and mineralogy of the shell (Taylor, Kennedy and Hall, 1973) confirms its taxonomic position as a member of the Lucinacea. Nicol (1950) erected (giving no reasons) a new family, taking its name (the Fimbriidae) from the genus. This study supports the view of Alien and Turner (1970) and Boss (1970) that Fimbria is closely related to the Lucinidae Fleming 1828 though a study of fossil fimbriids will have to be undertaken before the extreme view of Alien and Turner (1970) that Fimbria is a lucinid, can be validated. The Lucinidae and F. fimbriata possess the following features in common: (1) An enlarged anterior half of the shell with an antero-dorsal inhalant stream. (2) A single (inner) demibranch with type G ciliation (Atkins, 1937b). (3) Reduced labial palps. (4) "Mantle palps". (5) A stomach closely similar in structure. (6) A unique method of withdrawing the posterior exhalant siphon.