Australian Museum Journal Genetic variation in archaeological Rattus exulans remains from the Emily Bay settlement site, Norfolk Island

Shortform:
Matisoo-Smith et al., 2001, Rec. Aust. Mus., Suppl. 27: 81–84
Author(s):
Matisoo-Smith, Elizabeth; Horsburgh, K. Ann; Robins, Judith H.; Anderson, Atholl
Year published:
2001
Title:
Genetic variation in archaeological Rattus exulans remains from the Emily Bay settlement site, Norfolk Island
Serial title:
Records of the Australian Museum, Supplement
Volume:
27
Start page:
81
End page:
84
DOI:
10.3853/j.0812-7387.27.2001.1342
Language:
English
Date published:
28 November 2001
Cover date:
28 November 2001
ISBN:
ISBN 0-7347-2305-9
ISSN:
0812-7387
CODEN:
RAMSEZ
Publisher:
The Australian Museum
Place published:
Sydney, Australia
Subjects:
ARCHAEOLOGY; NORFOLK ISLAND; MAMMALIA: RODENTIA
Digitized:
28 November 2001
Available online:
28 November 2001
Reference number:
1342
EndNote package:
EndNote file
Title page:
Title page (12kb PDF)
Complete work:
Complete work (77kb PDF)

Abstract

Analyses of mitochondrial DNA variation in archaeological samples of Rattus exulans obtained during the 1997 excavations at Emily Bay, Norfolk Island suggest a high degree of variation in the prehistoric populations on the island. The ten samples sequenced produced five unique haplotypes. This result is consistent with a scenario of multiple introductions of the species to the island. There are clear affiliations with East Polynesian and New Zealand samples, however other lineages also appear to be present on Norfolk Island. Three haplotypes that had previously not been identified in tropical East Polynesia appear on Norfolk. One of these has also been identified in an archaeological sample from New Zealand. The other two haplotypes have yet to be identified elsewhere.